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Palmierii - familia Palmae

Scris de Daniel Zimbreanu. Posted in Palmieri

 
 



       Palmierii fac parte din grupa plantelor cu flori. Sunt plante monocotiledonate adica embrionul are o singura frunza. In lume sunt peste 2500 specii de palmieri care pot fi arbori, arbusti si chiar plante cataratoare.
     O caracteristica al acestui grup de plante este ca nu au ramuri ( putine sunt exceptiile) frunzele dezvoltandu-se din capatul trunchiului. Din aceasta cauza daca se reteaza capatul superior al trunchiului planta moare.
     Palmieri sunt in general plante tropicale insa exista intre 50 si 100 de specii care pot rezista la temperaturi de sub -7 grade Celsius si cateva care rezista chiar la temperaturi de sub -18 grade Celsius
           

Subfamilia

Trib

Subtrib

Gen

Coryphoideae

Corypheae

Thrinacinae

Thrinax, Chelyocarpus, Crysophila, Itaya, Schippia, Thrinax, Coccothrinax, Zombia, Trachycarpus, Guihaia, Rhapis, Rhapidophyllum, Chamaerops, Maxburrietia

 

 

Livistoninae

Livistona, Pholidocarpus, Brahea, Johannesteijsmannia, Licuala, Pritchardia, Pritchardiopsis, Serenoa, Copernicia, Colpothrinax, Acoelorraphe, Washingtonia

 

 

Coryphinae

Corypha, Nannorrhops, Read about shuffle tracking or dealer tells and etiquette that you can use to gain an edge over the casino online . Chuniophoenix, Kerriodoxa

 

 

Sabalinae

Sabal

 

Phoeniceae

 

Phoenix

 

Borasseae

Lataniinae

Borassodendron, Latania, Borassus, Lodoicea

 

 

Hyphaeninae

Hyphaene, Medemia, Bismarckia

Calamoideae

Calameae

Ancistrophyllinae

Laccosperma, Eremospatha

 

 

Eugeissoninae

Eugeissona

 

 

Metroxylinae

Metroxylon, Korthalsia

 

 

Calaminae

Eleiodoxa, Salacca, Daemonorops, online casino Calamus, Calospatha, Pogonotium, Ceratolobus, Retispatha

 

 

Plectocomiinae

Myrialepsis, Plectocomiopsis, Plectocomia

 

 

Pigafettinae

Pigafetta

 

 

Raphiinae

Raphia

 

 

Oncocalaminae

Oncocalamus

 

Lepidocaryeae

 

Mauritia, Mauritiella, Lepidocarym

Nyphoideae

 

 

Nypa

Ceroxyloideae

Cyclospaeae

 

Pseudophoenix

 

Ceroxyleae

 

Ceroxylon, Oraniopsis, Juania, Louvelia, Ravenea

 

Hyophorbeae

 

Gaussia, Hyophorbe, Synecanthus, Chamaedorea, Wendlandiella

Arecoideae

Caryoteae

 

Arenga, Caryota, Wallichia

 

Iriarteae

Iriarteinae

Dictyocaryum, Iriartella, Iriartea, Socratea

 

Podococceae

 

Podococcus

 

Areceae

Oraniinae

Halmoorea, Orania

 

 

Manicariinae

Manicaria

 

 

Leopoldiniinae

Leopoldinia

 

 

Malortieinae

Reinhardtia

 

 

Dypsidinae

Vonitra, [ Chrysalidocarpus: now Dypsis], Neophloga, [ Neodypsis: now Dypsis], Phloga, Dypsis

 

 

Euterpeinae

Euterpe, Prestoea, Neonicholsonia, Oecocarpus, Jessenia, Hyospathe

 

 

Roystoneinae

Roystonea

 

 

Archontophoenicinae

Archontophoenix, Chambeyronia, Hedyscepe, Rhopalostylis, Kentiopsis, Mackeea, Actinokentia

 

 

Cyrtostachydinae

Cyrtostachys

 

 

Linospadicinae

Calyptrocalyx, Linospadix, Howea, Laccospadix

 

 

Ptychospermatinae

Drymophloeus, Carpentaria, Veitchia, Normanbya, Wodyetia, Ptychosperma, Ptychococcus, Brassiophoenix, Balaka

 

 

Areninae

Loxococcus, Gronophyllum, Areca, Siphokentia, Hydriastele, Gulubia, Nenga, Pinanga

 

 

Iguanurinae

Neovetchia, Pelagodoxa, Iguanura, Brongniartikentia, Lepidorrhachis, Heterospathe, Sommieria, Bentinckia, Clinosperma, Cyphokentia, Moratia, Clinostigma, Alsmithia, Satakentia, Rhopaloblaste, Dictyosperma, Actniorhytis, Lavoixia, Alloschmidia, Cyphophoenix, Campecarpus, Basselinia, Cyphosperma, Veillonia, Burretiokentia, Physokentia, Goniocladus

 

 

Oncospermatinae

Deckenia, Acanthophoenix, Rocheria, Oncosperma, Tectiphiala, Verscheffeltia, Phoenicophorium, Nephrosperma

 

 

Sclerospermatinae

Sclerosperma, Marojejya

 

 

 

Genera of the tribe Areceae, but of uncertain affinity: Masoala, Carpoxylon

 

Cocoeae

Beccariophoenicinae

Beccariophoenix

 

 

Butiinae

Butia, Jubaea, Jubaeopsis, Cocos, Syagrus, Lytocaryum, Parajubaea, Allagoptera, Polyandrococos

 

 

Attaleinae

Attalea [ Scheelea, Orbignya, Maximiliana: these three genera are now included in Attalea]

 

 

Elaeidinae

Barcella, Elaeis

 

 

Bactridinae

Acrocomia, Gastrococos, Aiphanes, Bactris, Desmoncus, Astrocaryum

 

Geonomeae

 

Pholidostachys, Welfia, Calyptronoma, Calyptrogyne, Asterogyne, Geonoma

Phytelephantoideae

 

 

Palandra, Phytelephas, Ammandra